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Dravya and their Botanical Names

Dravya (द्रव्य) refers to “drugs” and represents one of the four pādas or factors to make a treatment perfect. The Ayurvedic system says that the body (śarīra) is also pañcabhautika and the medicines i.e. plants and animals are also pañcabhautika. The four pādas or factors to make a treatment perfect are:

1. Bhiṣak: Vaidya-doctor
2. Dravya: drugs
3. Paricāraka: bystander/helper and
4. Rogī: Patient.

If these four pādas perfectly merge the treatment will be a success.

Have compiled the Dravya names and their botanical names which I studied when I was in 2nd Year BAMS. Hoping it will be useful for some students.

Ajamoda Apium graveolens
Adhaki Cajanus cajan
Ajaji Cuminum cyminum
Akhuparna Ipomoea reniformis
Amalaka Emblica officinalis
Akshoda Juglans regia
Aswattha Ficus religiosa
Ambastha

Tamarix articulata
AjwainTrachyspermum ammi
Agnimantha
Premna integrifolia
Ashwangandha
Withania somnifera
Asana
Pterocarpus marsupium
Ativisha Aconitum heterophyllum 
Aamra
Mangifera indica
Agaru
Aquilaria agallocha
Ahiphena
Papaver somniferum
Akarkara
Anacyclus pyrethrum
Alsi Linum usitatissimum
Aragvadha
Cassia fistula
Amba haldi
Curcuma aromatica
Amlavetasa
Garcinia pedunculata
Apamarga
Achyranthes aspera
Amra gandha
Curcuma amda
Aparajita
Clitoria ternatea
Arjuna
Terminalia arjuna
Arka
Calotropis procera
Ashoka Saraca indica
Agastya
Sesbania grandiflora
Atibala
Abutilon indicum
Ankola
Alangium lamarckii
Ardraka
Zingiber officinale
Arjaka
Orthosiphon pallidus
Asthi shrinkhala Cissus quandrangularis
Bakula
Mimusops elengi
Bimbi
Coccinia indica
Bhumyamalaki
Phyllanthus niruri
Bakuchi
Psoralea corylifolia
Babool Acacia arabica
Badara
Zizyphus jujuba
Bala
Sida cordifolia
Bharangi
Clerodendrum Serratum
Brihati
Solanum indicum
Bhunimba
Andrographis paniculata
Bilwa
Aegle marmelos
Brahmi
Bacopa monnieri
Bhallataka
Semecarpus anacardium
Bhringaraja Eclipta alba
Bhumi amla
Phyllanthus niruri
Bhanga Cannabis sativa
Chakramarda
Cassia tora
Chitraka
Plumbago zeylanica
Chandana
Santalum album
Chandrashura
Lepidium sativum
Chavya
Piper cubeba
Chopachini
Smilax china
Choraka
Angelica glauca
Chameli
Jasminum officinale
Champaka
Michelia champaka
Changeri
Oxalis corniculata
Chincha
Tamarindus indica
Chiru bilwa Holoptelia integrifolia
Dalchini
Cinnamonum zeylanica
Darbha
Eragrostis cynosuroides
Dronapushpi
Leucas cephalotes
Dhyamaka
Cymbopogon martini
Duralabha
Mucuna pruriens
Danti
Baliospermum montanum
Dadima
Punica granatum
Devadaru
Cedrus deodar
Draksha
Vitis vinfera
Dhanyaka
Coriandrum sativum
Daruharidra
Berberis aristata
Dhattura
Datura metel
Duralabha
Fagonia cretica
Dhataki
Woodfordia fruticosa
Durva Cynodon dactylon
Ela
Elettaria cardamomum
Eranda
Ricinus communis
Eswara moola Aristolochia indica
Gajar
Daucus carota
Gandira
Albizzia lebbeck
Gavakshi
Citrullus colocynthis
Gambhari
Gmelina arborea
Gaja Pippali
Scindapsus officinalis
Guduchi
Tinospora cordifolia
Gandha prasarini
Paederia Foetida
Ghrita Kumari
Aloe vera barbadensis
Gojihva
Onosma Bracteatum
Gokshura
Tribulus terristris
Gorakhmundi
Sphaeranthus Indicus
Guggulu
Commiphora mukul
Gunja Abrus precatorius
Hadjod
Cissus quadrangularis
Haridra
Curcuma longa
Hamsapadi
Adiantum lunulatum
Haritaki
Terminalia chebula
Hrivera
Pavonia odorata
Hingu
Ferula foetida
Hapusha Sphaeranthus indicus
Indravaruni Citrullus Colocynthis
Ikshu
Saccharum officinarium
Indrayava
Holarrhena Antidysenterica Seeds
Ingudi
Balanites aegyptiaca
Irimeda
Acacia farnesiana
Isabgol
Plantago ovata
Ikshura
Astercantha longifolia
Ikshwaku Lageneria vulgaris
Jatiphala
Myristica fragrans
Jalakanda
Trapa bispinosa
Jambeera
Citrus limon
Jambu
Syzgium cumini
Japa
Hibiscus Rosa Sinensis
Jatamamsi
Nardostachys jatamamsi
Jivanti Leptadenia reticulata
Kanchanara
Bauhinia vareigata
Karkandhu
Zizyphus nummularia
Kantakari
Solanum xanthocarpum
Kaccholam
Curcuma zedoria
Kusha
Desmostachya bipinnata
Kasa
Saccharum spontaneum
Kakanasika
Martynia diandra
Kakoli Roscoea procera
Kakaoudambarika
Ficus hispida
Kataka
Strychnos potatorum
Kasamarda
Cassia occidentalis
Kundurushka
Boswellia serrata
Kadamba
Anthocephalus indicus
Kapittha
Feronia limonia
Kalamegha
Andrographis paniculata
Karavira
Nerium indicum
Karpas
Gossypium herbaceum
Karpur
Cinnamomum camphora
Karkatashringi Pistacia integerrima
Kapikacchu
Mucuna pruriens
Kumkuma
Crocus sativus
Ketaki
Pandanus tectorius
Kushmanda
Cucurbita pepo
Kaseruka
Scripsus grossus
Kulattha
Dolichos biflorus
Kalonji
Nigella sativa
Kuchandana
Coscinium fenestratum
Kuchala
Strychnos nuxvomica
Katukarohini
Picrorhiza kurroa
Kramuka
Areca catechu
Koshataki
Luffa acutangula
Kodrava
Paspalum scrobiculatum
Kuberaksha
Caesalpinia crista
Kirata tikta
Swertia chirata
Karanja
Pongamia pinnata
Karavi
Carum carvi
Katphala
Myrica nagi
Kashmarya
Gmelina arborea
KatphalaMyrica nagi
Kamala
Nelumbo nucifera
Kantakari
Solanum xanthocarpum
Kutaja
Holarrhena antidysenterica
Kushta
Sausserea lappa
Khadira
Acacia catechu
Kharjura
Phoenix dactylifera
Karavella
Momordica charantia
Kushthumburu
Coriandrum sativum
Kampillaka
Mallotus philippinensis
Kumuda Nymphea alba
Lamajja
Cymbopogon jwarancusa
Langali
Gloriosa superba
Lodhra
Symplocos racemosa
Lakucha
Artocarpus lakoocha
Lasuna
Allium sativum
Lajjalu
Mimosa pudica
Laksha
Laccifer lacca
Lata Karanja
Caesalpinia crista
LavangaSyzygium aromaticum
Madhuka
Madhuca indica
Madayanti
Lawsonia inermis
Maha nimba
Melia azadirach
Madhu snuhi
Smilax china
Mandukaparni
Centella asiatica
Maricha
Piper nigrum
Matulunga
Citrus medica
Meda
Polygonatum verticillatum
Madhulika
Eleusine carocana
Masura Lens culinaria
Mriganabhi
Moschus moschiferus
Masha
Phaseolus mungo
Mridwika
Vitis vinfera
Madanaphala
Randia dumetorum
Mamira
Coptis teeta
Mochrasa
Salmalia malabarica
Mahabala
Sida rhombifolia
Moolika
Raphanus sativus
Mashaparni
Teramnus labialis
Manjishta
Rubia cordifolia
Mudgaparni
Phaseolus trilobus
Musta
Cyperus rotundus
Mundi
Sphaeranthus indicus
Murva
Sansevieria Roxburghiana
Musali Kali
Curculigo orchioides
Musali safed
Asparagus adscendens
Malkangani Celastrus paniculata
Nagakesara
Mesua ferrea
Nirgundi
Vitex negundo
Naranga
Citrus reticulata
Narikela
Cocos nucifera
Nimba
Azadirachta indica
Nyagrodha
Ficus bengalensis
Nirvishi Delphinium denudatum
Nilini
Indigofera tinctoria
Nakha
Helix aspera
Nagavalli
Piper betle
Nichula
Barringtonia acutangula
Nagadanti Baliospermum montanum
Punarnava
Boerhaavia diffusa
Phalgu

Ficus hispida
Payasya Holostemma rheedianum
Patranga / Patra
Cinnamomum tamala
Punnaga
Calophyllum inophyllum
Putika
Holptelea integrifolia
Prishniparni
Uraria picta
Paribhadra
Erythrina variegata
Pushkaramula
Inula racemosa
Parushaka
Grewia asiatica
Palasha
Butea monosperma
Palandu
Allium cepa
Plaksha
Ficus lacor
Phalini
Callicarpa macrophylla
Padmaka
Prunus cerasoides
Pashanabheda
Berginia ligulata
Patola
Trichosanthes Dioica
Parpataka
Fumaria parviflora
Patha
Cissampelos pareira
Pippali
Piper longum
Patala
Stereospermum suaveolens
Putranjeevaka
Putranjiva roxbhurghii
Parasika Yavani
Hyoscyamus niger
Rohitaka
Tecomella undulata
Rudraksha
Elaeocarpus ganitrus
Rohisha
Cymbopogon martini
Rishabhaka
Microstylis wallichhi
Rasona
Allium sativum
Rasna Pluchea lanceolata
Sprikka
Delphinium zalil
Sahadevi
Sida rhombifolia
Saireya
Barleria cristata
Sankhini
Acacia concinna
Saptaranga
Salacia chinensis
Sarshapa
Brassica campestris
Shigru
Moringa oleifera
Sarja niryasa
Vateria indica
Somavalli
Ephedra vulgaris
Salmali
Bombax malabarica
Snuhi
Euphorbia nerifolia
Shalaparni
Desmodium gangetium
Saptaparni
Alstonia scholaris
Shatavari
Asparagus racemosus
Sariva
Hemedismus indicus
Sunthi
Zingiber officinale
Sarpagandha
Rauwolfia serpentina
Shankhapushpi Evolvulus alsinoides
Sharapunkha
Tephrosia purpurea
Sirisha
Albizzia lebbeck
Somlata
Ephedra gerardiana
Shatapushpi
Anethum sowa
Syonaka
Oroxylum indicum
Surana
Amorphophallus campanulatus
Sriveshtaka
Pinus longifolia
Sringataka
Trapa bispinosa
Shyama
Ipomea turpethum
Sathi Curcuma zeodoria
Tanduliyaka
Amaranthus spinosus
Tagara
Valeriana wallichii
Talaparna
Chlorophytum tuberosum
Tala pushpa
Borassus flabellifer
Takkola
Illcium verum
Tejovati
Zanthoxylum armatum
Tulasi
Ocimum sanctum
Talisapatra
Abies webbiana
Tejapatra
Cinnamomum tamala
Tila
Sesamum indicum
Trayamana
Gentiana kurroa
Tuvaraka
Hydnocarpus laurifolia
Tumburu
Zanthoxylum alatum
Tugakshiri Bambusa arundinaca
Trivrit Operculina thurpethum
Urvaru
Cucumis melo
Upodika
Basella rubra
Udumbara
Ficus glomerata
Ucchata
Blepharis edulis
Utkata
Sesbania bispinosa
Upakunchika
Nigella sativa
Utpala
Nymphaea Caerulea
Ushira Vetiveria zizanioides
Vasuka
Osmanthus fragrans
Vatsanabha
Aconitum ferox
Vriddhadaru
Argyreia speciosa
Vidula
Salix caprea
Vishamushti
Strychnos nuxvomica
Vrikshamla
Garcinia indica
Vidarikand
Pueraria tuberosa
Varuna
Crataeva nurvala
Vata
Ficus benghalensis
Vishnukranta
Evolvulus alsinoides
Vamsa
Bambusa bambos
Vacha
Acorus calamus
Vasa
Adhathoda vasica
Vyaghra nakha
Capparis sepiaria
Vrischikali
Pergularia extensa
Yashtimadhu
Glycyrrhiza Glabra 
Yavasa
Alhagi camelorum 
Yuthi
Jasminum auriculatum
Yava Hordeum vulgare
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