Chapter 48 – Shuka Dosha Nidanam

The 48th chapter of Madhava Nidana is Shuka Dosha Nidana which deals with Disorders of Penis. The penis is an external organ in the male reproductive system. Disorders which can affect the penis include priapism, balanitis, penile cancer, erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory disorders.

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Chapter 46 – Bhagandara Nidanam

The 46th chapter of Madhava Nidana is Bhagandara Nidanam which deals with Fistula in Ano. A fistula-in-ano is an abnormal hollow tract or cavity that is lined with granulation tissue and that connects a primary opening inside the anal canal to a secondary opening in the perianal skin; secondary tracts may be multiple and can extend from the same primary opening.

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